Monday, August 24, 2020

Strategies For The Incrasing Amount Of Ell Students Education Essay Free Essays

string(78) is given in a flash after put to deathing an impossible to miss securing activity. States like the US and other created states are described by monstrous segment adjustments something that has lead to high figure of English Language researchers. For case, surveies demonstrate the figure of English Language Learners ( ELLs ) understudies in the US is expanding each twelvemonth. Of to stress is that, these students every now and again perform sick in different themes ; something that has been ascribed to their insufficiency of capability in English Language. We will compose a custom paper test on Techniques For The Incrasing Amount Of Ell Students Education Essay or on the other hand any comparable subject just for you Request Now This calls for use of instructional plans and develops by educators in learning ELLs students. This paper features basic instructional plans and builds that ought to be utilized in ELLs schoolrooms. Instructional Schemes for ELL schoolroom Surveies show that states like the US and other created states are sing massive segment adjustments ( Terrazas and Batalova, 2006 ) . This has in like manner expanded the figure of English Language Learners ( ELL ) understudies. Surveies by Terrazas andA Batalova ( 2008 ) demonstrate that the number of inhabitants in ELLs students in US schools is hugely expanding with their figure copying somewhere in the range of 1980s and 2006. Terrazas and Batalova farther demonstrate that the general figure of US understudies who are arranged as ELLs rose from 6.8 per centum to 10.3 per centum somewhere in the range of 1996 and 2006. Surveies have other than shown that ELLs students ordinarily score sick in different points. This reality has been ascribed to their lack of capability in English phonetic correspondence which makes it difficult for them to comprehend learning stuffs for different subjects ( Terrazas and Batalova, 2008 ) . Along these lines structure phonetic correspondence capability will be of abrogating criticalness in climbing by and large open introduction among ELLs students. Training ELL students is an unpredictable strategy that requires great characterized plans. Subsequently, this will require an instructor to incorporate various builds and plans. This paper will try to closer view the absolute most basic plans and builds that can be utilized by instructors in propelling capability of English etymological correspondence among ELLs understudies. Coming up next are basic plans that can be utilized in increasing obtaining and capability of English etymological correspondence among ELLs understudies: Understandable information This speculation was hypothesized by Krashen and puts complement on ‘input ‘ that causes etymological correspondence securing. This theory expresses that ; for second semantic correspondence securing to occur, the acquirer must have comprehendible contribution through hearing and perusing etymological correspondence structures that are over their current capacity ( Krashen, 1985 ) . The info hypothesis clarifies how the acquirer moves from their present degree ( spoke to by ( â€Å" I † ) of competency to the prompt after degree ( spoke to by â€Å" i+1 † ) . The fundamental status ( however non adequate ) for an acquirer to go from his present level of competency to the accompanying degree depends on understanding sources of info that contains â€Å" i+1 † . â€Å" Understanding † implies the acquirer is centered around the centrality and non the signifier of the message ( Krashen, 1982 ) . In this way fitting to the comprehendible theory, it is basic for the acquirer non to have inputs that outperform their level of competency. Consequently for solid English etymological correspondence procurement to take topographic point, the acquirer must have comprehendible sources of info that are questioning bounty to better their lingual capability. Consequently this speculation puts complement on the interest to occupied the schoolroom with procurement exercises or endeavors rather than larning exercises or linguistic developments. This proposes instructors can work their students better in English etymological correspondence exercises among ELLs understudies by introducing arranged obtaining endeavors in schoolrooms ( Ellis, 1997 ) . This theory other than proposes that the acquirer must non be compelled to go on and on right on time. It is necessitated that specific proportion of comprehendible information be fabricated first before the acquirer is permitted to talk in schoolroom. Blending to Krashen ( 1982 ) , most second phonetic correspondence students will go through a stage alluded to as â€Å" soundless period † during which the researchers progressively get and develop sufficient comprehendible information sources that will be basic in helping them make their ain developments. In this way etymological correspondence procurement happens when the acquirer feels prepared ( in the wake of being presented to enough â€Å" i+1 † comprehendible data sources ) ( Krashen, 1982 ) . Blending to comprehendible information hypothesis, when acquirers get second etymological correspondence inputs that are one measure over their present competency, they can better and enter â€Å" a characteristic request † . This can be made conceivable with the guide of extra-semantic or setting data. This implies the acquirers must use more that their cognizance, lingual competency, setting about the universe in understanding etymological correspondence that contains developments that are past their current level of competency ( McLaughlin, 1987 ) . Hence the capacity of ELLs educators is to ensure that understudies are given bounty comprehendible information sources each piece much as could reasonably be expected. Blending to this speculation, comprehendible sources of info are portrayed by the undermentioned components: intriguing and important, comprehendible, adequate ( â€Å" i+1 † ) and non syntactically sequenced ( McLaughlin, 1987 ) . On-going, explicit, and quick input One of the instructional plans that can be utilized to ensure English researchers become capable in the semantic correspondence is ‘enhancing extraordinary or changing criticisms ‘ . This plan expects educators to dissect the substance of their understudies ‘ reaction. Input can either be verbal or non-verbal and is a basic segment of indicating cognizance of the stuffs introduced to them either verbally or in a non-verbal mode ( McLaughlin, 1987 ) . Input will help the educators in investigating if students have grasped or on the off chance that they are sing semantic correspondence obstructions. Thusly it is basic for English educators to be in a spot to isolate among negative and positive criticisms which happen when understudies misjudge or neglect to grok stuffs introduced to them. Regularly in a classification of ELLs, students will give a negative criticism any place they are sing semantic correspondence boundaries. Consequently the capacity that the instructor should play in this example is to interfere with these obstructions. The kind of input will change contingent upon the level of second phonetic correspondence procurement and formative degree the students work at ( Ellis, 1997 ) . Quick input is one of the most effective kinds of criticism which is given in a flash after put to deathing an impossible to miss procurement movement. You read Techniques For The Incrasing Amount Of Ell Students Education Essay in classification Article models This kind of criticism is vital in developing imparting achievements and in building affirmation between the juvenile researchers and the instructor. Youthful researchers should be sure that what they are larning is correct or amiss with no hold. This is on the grounds that they do non forces bounty comprehension to do their decisions sing their degrees of capability. At the point when a researcher gives an answer that isn't right, the instructor has the obligation of providing a disciplinary input which will take to correct and autonomous anxiety of stuffs. Along these lines orchestrating to this plan, juvenile researchers are bound to be fruitful with word decision and jargon. Youthful researchers at an early creation stage will benefit from criticism that form right etymological correspondence procurement. This implies these researchers will require changing entirety of tuning in and amendment to right shaped semantic correspondence ( Hill A ; Flynn, 2006 ) . Progressing criticism applies to more established researchers who are in a spot to quantify their evaluation of capability in phonetic correspondence. Other than fitting to Hill and Flynn ( 2006 ) , researchers who are at middle of the road and propelled degrees of expressiveness capability require explicit criticism. This criticism will in general be like that of ‘Native-English ‘ talkers. Understudies at this degree will require more prominent introduction to modern hypothetical records of second etymological correspondence. They ought to other than be supported header with builds that current a few difficulties to them. Other than fitting to this instructional plan, more highlight ought to be put on the substance rather than the signifier of take a gander at this degree. Synergistic exercises can help with guaranting explicit input by developing sense of self affirmation what's more elevating the level of comprehension ( Hill A ; Flynn, 2006 ) . Gathering developments and procedures Fitting to McLaughlin ( 1987 ) , this strategy requires instructors for ELLs to set more complement on strategies of increasing connection through actualizing bunch developments while introducing instructional plans. The main gathering strategy that will ensure ELLs students are roused and usefully support is to assemble them with their equivalents who are ‘Native-English ‘ talkers. This will offer the researchers a chance to recognize the level of phonetic correspondence capability they should take at furthermore to hold a chance of developing on their ain etymological correspondence achievements. Another signifier of collection orchestrating to Lessow-Hurley is making little gathering

Saturday, August 22, 2020

British Culture free essay sample

Another reality is that it is incredibly uncommon for individuals to commission the structure of their homes. This mentality is predominant to the point, that it prompts an unusual methodology towards house costs. Falling costs (regularly something worth being thankful for) imply that individuals can't stand to sell their home. Singularity and similarity Individuality: individuals like to pick the shade of their own front entryway. That’s another motivation behind why pads aren’t well known. Singular self-articulation is another bit of leeway of a front nursery. Most houses are work by associations, who manufacture entire lanes in a single time, regularly with a similar structure. The houses are extraordinary, notwithstanding, the inhabitants will ensure that. Insides: the significance of comfort British houses have gained notoriety for being the coldest in Europe. This notoriety is misrepresented and is the aftereffect of the way that houses in Britain are more established than in different nations. Subsequently, they are not all around secluded. Thought of residential solace: to make a climate which appears to be warm, regardless of whether it isn’t truly warm. This longing as a rule has a need over stylish concerns, which clarifies why British individuals have such a terrible taste. Convention is a piece of cosines, and this can be proposed by being encircled by old things of furniture. Most more seasoned houses have two general lounge rooms, or have a lobby to go through before getting in the front room. Claiming and leasing British individuals are not substance to lease their convenience. Any place they will be, they like to put down roots. The craving to possess where you live is practically all inclusive in Britain. Individuals are glad to take out home loans since house costs typically increment somewhat quicker than the general average cost for basic items. Subsequently, a great many people can make a benefit when they sell they house. It was uniquely toward the finish of the twentieth century that everyone needed to claim their home. Before that individuals leased their convenience. The aspiration to possess was made simpler by approaches of duty help. The absolute intrigue which individuals paid on their home loan could be deducted from the personal expense they needed to pay and individuals selling their homes didn't need to pay capital additions charge on any benefit. During the 1980s the way of thinking of Thatcherism (Margaret Thatcher) was the possibility of the ‘property claiming democracy’. Chamber inhabitants were permitted to purchase their gathering houses and were given money related motivations to do as such. Vagrancy In 1993 it was assessed that there were a large portion of a million vagrants in Britain. The gracefully of gathering lodging is restricted, and has diminished since the 1980s on account of the offer of chamber houses and the absence of cash accessible for building new ones. In the mid 1990s numerous individuals lost their positions in the downturn thus couldn't longer bear the cost of the month to month contract installments. Most destitute families are given brief settlement in lodgings by their neighborhood gathering. Vagrants can likewise discover cover in inns for the destitute run by beneficent associations or basically living in the city. Taking care of the issue of vagrancy is definitely not a political need for the British government, mostly on the grounds that the degree of open attention to the circumstance is low. Part 20 Food and drink Britain and great food are two things which are not normally related British tastes are not the same as everyone else’s. Most regular protest is that British food has little taste by any means. Most guests eat in a foundation or ‘eat out’ al part. This isn't were acceptable food can be found. Run of the mill home cooking (which is acceptable) sometimes falls short for the bigger scope creation. Perspectives to food However, these are just incomplete reasons. The quality is lower than in different nations, since British individuals essentially enough don’t care to trouble. Individuals simply need to eat up rapidly and don’t care if their cheeseburger is scrumptious. Individuals get awful espresso since they need caffeine, not on the grounds that they need espresso. Indeed, even at home, food and drink is given generally little consideration. For instance, if a British individual needs to have a grill, they like the air, not really the food. At the point when the British do focus on food, it is most regularly not to welcome it however to see what they don’t like about it. English individuals have for the most part been urban, and perhaps that’s why the scope of plants and creatures they will eat is somewhat thin. At the point when British individuals need to allude to different nations insultingly, they regularly suggest their peculiar dietary patterns. While the British are preservationist about their fixings, they are not, at this point moderate about the manner in which it is served. For instance, during the 1960s British travelers demanded their Fish and Chips served on a British paper. Eating out Although it is far less uncommon than it used to be, setting off to an eatery is as yet a nearly uncommon occasion for most British individuals. Cafés are for the most extravagant and related with grandiosity. Being in an extensive eatery is a higher priority than the food eaten in it. The menus are another statement of snootiness. Practically all the dishes are not from the English language (generally French), since it makes the food progressively extraordinary and energizing. In 1991 the legislature proposed that menus should give subtleties of fixings in dishes, driving the eateries cooks to be absurd. Parting with the subtleties would remove the fun from eating. Eating places which serve British food are utilized distinctly for progressively ordinary. Bars. ‘Workman’s cafe’: utilized during the day, for the most part by manual laborers. Fish-and-chip shop: utilized at night for ‘take-away’ dinners. Inexpensive food outlets are more typical in Britain than in some other nation, in light of the fact that there is no class affiliation. All classes can feel good in them. Liquor The disposition of liquor in Britain is irresolute. From one perspective; it is acknowledged. ‘The local’: the closest bar. ‘Regulars’: individuals who visit them regularly. Indeed, even a specific degree of intoxication is acknowledged, on the off chance that it doesn’t lead to brutality. Then again; the puritan custom has driven the broad conviction that drinking is something conceivably hazardous. No drinking under 18 (most customary consumers don’t even give a large portion of a glass of brew to minors). No kid under 14 permitted in a bar. Most bistros are not permitted to serve lager. The diminishing of this negative disposition to liquor has been adjusted by expanding worries about its effect on wellbeing and security. Bars (short for ‘public house’) Without bars, Britain would be a less agreeable nation. The normal individual can serenely meet others. Like in drive-thru eateries, bars are boorish. Bars have become somewhat less unmistakable over the most recent couple of decades to broaden their allure. In any case, bars have held their extraordinary character. For instance, no server administration. In the event that you need a beverage, you need to proceed to ask at the bar. This gives a ‘home from home’ climate. With a server people feel they need to carry on at their best and don’t feel good. Another outstanding part of bars is their intrigue to the possibility of convention. Bars have their own name The individual who runs the bar is known as a ‘landlord’ (while in certainty he truly is an inhabitant. He is essentially utilized by the distillery as its administrator). The word is utilized in light of the fact that it brings out prior occasions when all bars were exclusive ‘inns’ where explorers could discover a bed for the evening. P art 21 Sport and rivalry There is a decent possibility your preferred game was first played in Britain, or that its first current principles were classified there. The idea of reasonable play is about both composed and unwritten (don’t be a cheat and be a decent failure) rules. A national energy Sports likely has a more significant influence in British people’s lives than in most different nations, as it is the principle type of amusement for an exceptionally huge number of individuals; partaking or being an observer. The British are truly outstanding on the planet an enormous number of unexpected games in comparison to some other nation. The British are so partial to rivalry that they even bring it into the nursery. Neighbors enjoy

Friday, July 17, 2020

Schizophrenia Treatment Medication, Therapy, and More

Schizophrenia Treatment Medication, Therapy, and More Schizophrenia Print How Schizophrenia Is Treated By Jodi Clarke, MA, LPC/MHSP twitter linkedin Jodi Clarke, LPC/MHSP is a licensed professional counselor and mental health service provider with over 20 years of experience in the field. Learn about our editorial policy Jodi Clarke, MA, LPC/MHSP Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 28, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on June 24, 2019 Schizophrenia Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes & Risk Factors Treatment Living With In Children In This Article Table of Contents Expand Medications Psychotherapy Invasive Procedures Complementary & Alternative Medicine Where to Find Treatment View All If you have been diagnosed with schizophrenia, you might be wondering what to do next. The great news is that there are a variety of treatment options available. An important part of this journey is to explore your options and begin treatment quickly after diagnosis. This can help get your healing and management process going sooner than later, bringing you a sense of direction and relief. Verywell / Cindy Chung   Medications Antipsychotic medications reduce the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, usually allowing a person to function more effectively and appropriately. The first generation of antipsychotic medications, known as typical antipsychotics, were introduced in the 1950s to treat psychosis.?? Antipsychotic drugs are the best treatment for schizophrenia right now, but they dont cure schizophrenia or ensure that there will be no further psychotic episodes. Dosages The choice and dosage of medication can be made only by a qualified physician who is well trained in the medical treatment of mental disorders. The dosage of medication is individualized for each patient, since people may vary a great deal in the amount of drug needed to reduce symptoms without producing troublesome side effects. It is important to be patient with yourself and your providers as you learn what works well for your personalized treatment. Side Effects Antipsychotic drugs can have unwanted effects along with their beneficial effects. Typical antipsychotics, which include drugs like Haldol and Thorazine, are known to increase the risk of extrapyramidal side effects, which affect movement and speech.?? Side effects of antipsychotic medications include: DrowsinessRestlessnessMuscle spasmsTremorDry mouthBlurred vision Most of these symptoms can be corrected by lowering the dosage or controlled by other medications. Different patients have different treatment responses and side effects to various antipsychotic drugs. Talk with your doctor about your experiences at each visit so they can better understand your responses to medications and make adjustments to help. Atypical Antipsychotics A number of new antipsychotic drugs (the so-called atypical antipsychotics) have been introduced since 1990. The first, clozapine (Clozaril), has been shown to be more effective than other antipsychotics, although the possibility of severe side effects requires that patients be monitored with blood tests every one or two weeks. After a year of stable white blood counts, blood can be drawn monthly.?? The newer antipsychotic drugs are safer regarding tardive dyskinesia (TD) â€" an involuntary movement disorder â€" but many of the atypical drugs are more likely to contribute to metabolic side effects such as weight gain, increased glucose and lipids. Atypical antipsychotics include the following: INVEGA (paliperidone): This option is available in three different formulationsâ€"an extended-release tablet and long-acting injectables (INVEGA SUSTENNA and INVEGA TRINZA)Risperdal (risperidone)Abilify (aripiprazole)Seroquel (quetiapine)Zyprexa (olanzapine) Concerns About Medication Patients and families sometimes become worried about the antipsychotic medications used to treat schizophrenia. In addition to concern about side effects, they may worry that such drugs could lead to addiction. Antipsychotic medications do not produce a high and are not habit-forming, nor do they lead to addictive behavior in people who take them. Another misconception about antipsychotic drugs is that they act as a kind of mind control  or a chemical straitjacket. Antipsychotic drugs used in the appropriate way do not knock out people or take away their free will. Compliance Making sure that you are taking your medications consistently can be referred to as medication compliance.?? As easy as it may sound to take medication regularly as scheduled, medication compliance is often one of the largest challenges of long-term treatment for schizophrenia. Because of these challenges, new treatment options have become available that help make it easier for people to take their medications as prescribed. Long-acting injectables (LAI) are given to patients through and injection.?? These injections can be given every few weeks to few months, which help people experience more consistent, long-term, symptom relief. Psychotherapy Therapy is an important part of treatment for schizophrenia. Often you will find that mental health professionals work closely with psychiatrists to help make sure treatment methods are effective. For example, when someones medication is working effectively, they are often better able to discuss and process during their therapy sessions. Individual Therapy One of the most researched models of therapy used in the treatment of schizophrenia is cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT. This model of psychotherapy addresses the connection between thoughts and behaviors, helping people to learn more about how negative patterns of thought about themselves and the world influence their decision making. Since insights like this are not often present in those with schizophrenia, cognitive behavioral therapy can help clients gain a greater sense of empowerment in regulating their emotions and behaviors. Speaking openly and honestly with your doctor is a great first step in understanding and ultimately managing your symptoms. Schizophrenia Discussion Guide Get our printable guide to help you ask the right questions at your next doctors appointment. Download PDF Family Therapy Unfortunately, family members are often uninformed about what the condition is and how to help a loved one through the treatment process. Family therapy can be a key component of the treatment process, since it can offer space for healing of family dynamics that may have been impacted by the condition. That time can also be used for gathering information about schizophrenia, how to navigate challenges together and how to better express and meet needs of all involved. Group Therapy Support from peers can be a wonderful addition to the treatment process. Group therapy is space that allows people to safely share their experiences with schizophrenia, the challenges they are facing and what seems to be helping. Sharing information and feedback helps to remove a sense of isolation that can often be experienced. They can also create meaningful connections with peers, learning how to develop and maintain relationships along the way. Social Skills Training Because they experience psychotic features such as delusions and hallucinations, it can feel unclear to the person what is real and what isnt. That same uncertainty can be felt with interpersonal relationships as well, creating unhealthy dynamics between themselves and others. Learning the building blocks of relationships can help people better navigate interpersonal dynamics in their family lives, their social circles and possibly even in work settings. How to Find the Best Therapist for Your Mental Health Invasive Procedures When existing treatment methods dont seem to be working effectively to help control symptoms, your doctor may suggest a procedure called deep brain stimulation. This is considered an invasive procedure because it involves surgery for the placement of neurostimulator. Electrical impulses are then able to be administered to certain parts of the brain through wired in that device that can help control symptoms without causing damage. Complementary Alternative Medicine Animal Assisted Therapy As with other conditions, animal assisted therapy (AAT) can help ease and manage some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. Anhedonia, which refers to not experiencing joy or pleasure, is a common symptom of schizophrenia.?? Research has found that, in trials using animal assisted therapy as part of treatment, patients rated higher levels of pleasurable feelings than those who did not participate in the animal assisted treatment group. Dietary Supplements Some nutritional supplements have been found to have a positive impact on symptoms experienced with schizophrenia. Although there are many factors continuing to be researched in this area, some of the vitamins and nutritional supplements that have been shown promising in the treatment protocol for schizophrenia have included things like: Vitamin BOmega-3 fatty acidsAmino acidsMelatoninAntioxidants It is important to note that, although the use of these supplements have shown promise in research, it is best to speak with your doctor before taking them to make sure you are not at risk for things like medication interactions or other things that could slow or stop your progress. CBD Oil Cannabidiol is an ingredient in the marijuana plant that has also shown promise in managing symptoms of schizophrenia. Some people may be worried that they will experience a high using CBD oil as you would smoking marijuana, but this is not true. The ingredient that would make you feel high and have that psychoactive component is called tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. THC is removed from CBD oil so you may experience relief from symptoms without worries about being in an altered state. Where to Find Treatment If you experience symptoms of schizophrenia it is best to speak with your doctor. They may want to do blood work and run tests to make sure the symptoms are not being caused by another medical condition. From there you can meet with a psychiatrist or other qualified mental health practitioner to discuss what you are experiencing. Keep in mind that you may need to be evaluated extensively to make sure that the diagnosis is accurate. This evaluation process involves meeting with you to talk about your experiences, as well as meeting with a spouse or other family members to gather collateral information. Find Help With One of the Best Online Therapy Programs Levels of Care Treatment can involve outpatient, intensive outpatient or residential treatment programs. The level of care that is best for your situation will be determined by the personal conducting your evaluation. There are trained professionals who specialize in the treatment of schizophrenia at each level of care. If you are unsure of where to find treatment providers, it is best to start by asking your doctor for local or regional referral options. A Word From Verywell It is important to be patient with yourself and your treatment team during this process. As much as we want the symptoms to subside, everyone has a different experience of what treatment methods work well for them and what doesnt seem to work well. Part of your treatment journey will be to explore and discover the methods that work best for you and your symptoms. Being compliant with your treatment plan is important for overall success. This means doing things like: Taking medication consistentlyAttending your appointments regularlyActively participating in counseling and group therapyLetting your doctor know what you are experiencingAsking your support group for help if neededBeing patient with yourself and your providersReminding yourself that this is a journey Even if the path feels challenging, remember there are plenty of things you can do to help the process go more smoothly. The main thing is to be patient and talk with your doctor about your experiences. They need to understand your symptoms in order to help develop a treatment plan that works well for you. Coping With Schizophrenia

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Improving The Retention Rate Of South Nigeria - 1424 Words

Introduction One of the millennium development goals set by the United Nations is for all nations to achieve universal primary education. Many developing nations like Nigeria are working to ensure that the children and youth of their countries have access to free and compulsory primary education in an effort to educate the masses. Though Nigeria is making strides and improving the retention rates of its students, it still has the highest number of children out of school in the world. In Nigeria alone, more than 10.5 million students are out of school, the majority of them in northern Nigeria, and are mostly girls (Moser, 2014). Northern Nigeria is a predominately Islamic, rural, and vastly underdeveloped part of the country when†¦show more content†¦This part of the program functioned by rewarding a family with a 25 USD goat if a girl is able to complete school because she was not married away during the school year. (Erulkar Muthengi, 2009). The goat serves as an incentive for poor f amilies to keep the girl in school, increasing retention rates of girls in school, and reducing the rate of child marriages. My hypothesis is that the creation and enforcement of a similar program in Northern Nigeria would increase school attendance and retention rates for girls in region. Existing research on this topic focuses primarily on the causes of the gap in enrollment and retention rate between boys and girls in northern Nigeria, but no found studies have tried to explore or test solutions to the problem of gender discrimination. The dependent variable in this experiment would be the level of gender discrimination; the enrollment and retention rates of girls and the independent variable would be the implementation of the program and the presence of the goat as an incentive. The unit of analysis used in this experiment would be the individuals, particularly the girls because they are being surveyed and observed. Though the decision to enter marriage in certain cultures is u ltimately up to the parents, the students will either be encouraged or discouraged from entering

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Online Application For Online Applications Essay - 1248 Words

Online applications When you send a completed online application to us, we retain the information contained in that application. We are able to then use that information to provide any products and services that you require. You may also be able to suspend and save online applications, so you can complete and send the applications at a later time. If you suspend or save your application, the information that you have entered will be retained in our systems so that you may recover the information when you resume your application. Online applications that have been suspended or saved may be viewed by us. In particular, if you start but do not submit an online application, we can contact you using any of the contact details you have supplied to offer help completing it. Accurate information We take all reasonable precautions to ensure that the personal information we collect, use and disclose is accurate, complete and up-to-date. However, the accuracy of that information depends to a large extent on the information you or others provided to us. Update and access of personal information If you wish to make any changes to your personal information, please contact us. We will generally rely on you to assist us in informing us if the information we hold about you is inaccurate or incomplete. You may request access to the personal information we hold about you by contacting us. We will respond to your request within a reasonable period. We will give access in the manner youShow MoreRelatedOnline Job Application5311 Words   |  22 PagesINTRODUCTION Background of the study On online job application, there are thousand of websites where you can post your resume online in applying a job in an easy and convenience way. All Online job application is designed to screen people out and make possible to reach a goal in their life. Online job application is one way to make people easier their life in finding a job. 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Application Independent[1] Data: †¢ Terminal related data †¢ Transaction related data -Unique to terminal. -Shall have parameters initialised so that it can identify what language(s) supported to process the card’s language preference. 2. Application Dependent[2] Data: [Characteristic] - A terminal data shall be initialized in the terminal orRead MoreMcbride Financial Security Policy Essay627 Words   |  3 PagesUniversity of Phoenix CMGT/440 March 26, 2006 Online Loan Application/Application Service Provider Policy 1.0 Purpose This document is to describe the Information Security Teams requirements of Online Application Services and Application Service Providers that engage in business with McBride Financial Services. 2.0 Scope This policy applies to any use of Online Loan Applications (OLA) and any outsourcing to Application Service Providers (ASP) by McBride Financial Services

Washington’s Precedents Established Free Essays

Holding office from for a courageous eight years from 1789 to 1797, George Washington was one of the most significant presidents of all time. His other famous name is the â€Å"Founding Father† of the United States of America; He enforced the maximum amount of terms to two. When he promoted guidelines for the United States leader, his beliefs and visions were accepted as his guidelines have stayed over the years and some differed over the centuries such as the foreign policies and the political policies applied similarly. We will write a custom essay sample on Washington’s Precedents Established or any similar topic only for you Order Now Some of Washington’s appliances have yet to differentiate from the past as they are still applied. Document A states two important factors: government power and its proper usage. The government utilizes its limited powers. Document A states †Ã¢â‚¬ ¦so many checks and efficacious restraints to prevent it from degenerating to any specious of oppression. † Washington acknowledges the facts that the government cannot corrupt the balance and checks system. Document D elaborates on the basis of the Embargo Act, which proved beneficial. The Embargo Act explains how taxation is a requirement for society, with all imports, exports, and shipping. Document D by President Thomas Jefferson states â€Å"undelegated powers its acts are unauthoritative, void, and of no force†. Jefferson believes that if the government will become more enforcing if they do not have the balance and checks system. They would have to do all that is necessary. If the government had enforced all necessities, there would have been no possibility for certain aspects of the political world There were many aspects that continue, as Washington would have wanted and some that didn’t. The process is handled today of the draft; Document G mentions the first concept of the topic. The draft is the sending of people to the military/army. Sometimes the draft was necessary especially if a war was to come about, but it somewhat belittled the freedom to a certain amount. One of the things that had gone wrong against Washington’s proposals is stated in Document I. Document I speaks about the Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine basically states how The United States of America should not intervene with foreign battles and side with any European power. The Monroe Doctrine secures the United States because if the U. S would interfere, there is a possibility of battle that can evidently lead to war. Unfortunately history had repeated itself as the government decided to do what they feel and intervene in the Vietnam War (which really had nothing with the U. S. ). Some of the aspects Washington influenced have changed over the centuries. Document B states, â€Å"it is our policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world†, America, unfortunately, has formed relationships and alliance with European worlds. Document F shows how foreign connections can lead to betrayal or cruelty. The British had maintained the American ships and even violated some. All these foreign issues led to the War of 1812 between the British and the Americans. This settled the issues between America and Britain and fortunately settled possible future issues. â€Å"The baneful effects of the spirit of party generally. †, states Document B. In his Farewell Address, Washington believes if there are a separation and formation of different parties, new issues and corruption would occur. In reality, the formation of different parties promotes acceptance of new interrelated ideas. Washington proposed ideas that have been continued and have been overruled. He believed that the United States should separate from any European nation. He believed there should have been no formation of separate parties, which actually has changed over the centuries for positive reasons. Washington believed the government should be limited yet satisfied under the balances and checks system, and so they have been over the years. America has â€Å"repeated history† as they ignore the Monroe Doctrine by fighting with European Alliances. Washington was a smart man; his ideas were accepted, proposed, accepted, ignored and changed. How to cite Washington’s Precedents Established, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The protection of consumer welfare

Introduction The protection of consumer welfare is a critical government initiative. There are notable economic challenges associated with low income families. Therefore, policymakers must consider the implementation of workable economic strategies. This is vital in creating price and demand equilibriums (Arnold 2010, pp. 10).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The protection of consumer welfare specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a typical economy, various consumers depict diverse preferences for various goods. It is vital to comprehend how policies have implications on the prevalent market trends. It is necessary to analyze the consumer behavior and preferences within specific economies. This paper presents a practical approach to policy implication on the purchasing trend within the market. The paper applies a hypothetical approach, with the analysis of the preference trend of goods X and Z. The Household Prefere nces over the Two Goods with Similar Policy Implications on the Household Items In Terms Of the Utility and Level of Consumption of the Two Goods Convex indifference curves are extensively used in the analysis of economic policies. In this scenario, the assumptions on the hypothetical goods are indicated. Good X is measured along the horizontal axis. On the other hand, good Z is measured along the vertical axis of the convex curve. The two policy options can be analyzed from the convex curve. The concept of â€Å"diminishing marginal utility† dictates the nature of the convex curve to be applied in the analysis (Fakhrul Islam Jabbar 2010, pp. 26). In establishing the appropriate household preference for the two goods, the rule of â€Å"diminishing marginal utility† may be applicable. The first policy advocates for the provision of the household with a voucher. The voucher is exchangeable for a specific quantity of the good X. Observably, the second proposition advocat es for the offering a supplement based on the income. This is to be sufficiently applied in buying the good of similar amount.Advertising Looking for essay on consumer law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A normal household consumption preference is applicable for the realization of equal policy effect (Mceachern 2012, pp. 34). This relates to the utility and level of the consumption of the two goods. Given the two goods, X and Z, the household is able to define its preference. Consequently, the household can arrange these preferences in an order. In this context, the preferences remain complete. The policies provide an equal stance and significance. The graph below indicates the action of normal household preference necessary for the equal action of both policies. (From Gilbert 2004) The Household Preferences over the Two Goods with Potentially Different Policy Implications on the Household Items In Terms Of the Utility and Level of Consumption of the Two Goods To achieve this aim, the transitivity preference of the household is applicable. An important assumption can be drawn from this association. The disparity indicates that there is more preference for a particular good (Schotter 2009, PP. 45). Therefore, it can be deduced that if X is preferred to Z, it is true that the household has a spatial preference. The transitivity preference condition is eminent in this association. The disparities on the impact of these two policies emanates from the differences in preference for the two goods, X and Z. When the household depicts a higher level of preference for a particular good, the other is likely to be diminished. Alternatively, the less preferred good may be supplied in fewer quantities in the market. The law of â€Å"diminishing marginal utility† may be applicable in explaining the variances in customer preferences (Feldman Serrano 2006, pp. 46).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The protection of consumer welfare specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consequently, these have a potential impact on policy formulation. Policy makers recognize the importance of engaging public participation processes. There is a potential indication from a positive policy on the utility or consumption level of a specific good. The basic implication is that most consumers prefer to utilize goods that have most preferred qualities. It is assumed that the household may be satisfied with any policy advocating for a particular good or product. The graph below indicates the state of preference in which the consumers are better off. (From Gilbert 2004) Explanation of the Possibility of Occurrence of a Substitute Effect Associated With Either of the Above Policies Most markets are likely to experience a substitute effect. The impacts of substitute effects are always noticed in the demand of various goods. The effects of any transfo rmation within the price encourage the clients to choose a particular good. These clients are more likely to purchase a specific good. This trend may be due to its reduction in price. A consequent rise or increase in the price of goods is likely to cause a shift in the pattern of purchase (Mceachern 2009, pp. 59). There is bound to be an occurrence of a substitute effect within any market. Therefore, within any typical economy, the consumers are more likely to buy goods that retail at very low prices. The interaction of substitution and income effect may also play an important role in the development of substitution. The income of the household may shift. This is due to eminent economic factors within the entire market.Advertising Looking for essay on consumer law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Basically, substitution effect refers to the transformation on the consumption trend. Substitution effect may entail the alteration in the utilization patterns. This occurs as a result of a change notable within relative prices of goods within the market. This trend can be noticed in the action of various customers or clients. This is always as a result of the eminent trends within the general market. There is an evident possibility of occurrence of a substitute for both of the products under context (Mceachern 2012, pp. 78). This can be due to several factors. There are several factors that might lead to the emergence of this pattern. In the present era, various elements play a significant role in consumer behavior and preference. Therefore, there is a high possibility of occurrence of a substitute effect. An Explanation Whether the Policies May Succeed At Both of the Goals Ideally, it is notable that these two policies are not likely to succeed at both of these goals. The competin g demand and supply are important factors within the general market. Ideally, there are many elements that determine the market equilibrium (Schotter 2009, PP. 71). It is imperative to note that the diverse factors associated with market patterns are critical. The variances observed in the household preference are critical. Particularly, this is in the determination of the success of the two policies. Market conditions within any economy are susceptible to both external and internal factors. These factors interact to alleviate the possibility of existence of a perfect market . Therefore, there is bound to be a state of disparity in the action of these two policies. The customer preferences are more likely to rule the market demand and supply trends. Apart from these, there are other external factors that may lead to the development of notable disparities. These include weather conditions, tastes, and prevailing fashion within a particular economy. Income is an important factor in th e determination of prevailing market trends. Generally, high or increased rate of income raises the demand schedule. Consequently, these have a positive impact on the level of supply. The equilibrium point denotes the critical point within any market. However, even in equilibrium states, customers have the capacity to identify themselves with trendy and valuable products. There are other approaches that might be applied. Introduction of new products with lower market prices is possible. This approach is likely to shift the focus of demand within the market (Mceachern 2012, pp. 112). Apart from this, there is a potential shift in the consumer interests within the general market. The introduction of the third good is likely to help in the shift in the basic centre of interest. The preference includes one of the vital factors that dictate the prevailing market conditions. The graph below indicates the likelihood of occurrence of a substitute effect between the two goods. Consequently, this has significant impact on the policies. (From Gilbert 2004) Calculation of the Firm’s Cost Minimizing Input Combination and the Corresponding Level of Minimum Cost It is supposed that the company is presently experiencing the conditions of a short-run. The firm also has a fixed level of K at 25 units. Therefore, the calculation of the firm’s minimizing input combination and the corresponding level of minimum cost is as follows: Production function = Q = K0.5L0.5 Q = K0.5L0.5  = (8 X 0.5) X (4 X 0.5)  = 2 X 4  = 8 Cost function TC = FC + VC FC = Q FC = K0.5 X L0.5 FC = 8 x 0.5 X 4 x 0.5  = 8 TC – 8 + 24  = 32 Cost minimization MC = MR (where MC represent marginal cost and MR represent marginal revenue) MC = change in TC/ change in Q TC = C X Q 25X4X8 = C X Q Q = 800 – C Q = (800 – C) C TC = 800C – C^2 MR = MC 800 – C^2 = 32 800 – 32 = 2C 768/2 = 2C/2 C = 384 (minimum cost) Q = 384 / 8  = 48 units (minimum u nits) Calculation of the Input Combination the Firm Will Use In The Long Run and the Corresponding Level of Minimum Cost Production function = Q = K0.5L0.5 Maximum units = 100 Labour cost =$ 8 Capital cost = $ 4 Total cost = 8Ãâ€"4 = 32 x 100 units  = $3200 Total produce under the cost function Q = K0.5 X L0.5  = 8 Minimum cost per unit = 3200/8  =$400 An Explanation Whether the Firm Can Experience Economies of Scale In The Long Run The firm may not experience superior economies of scale in the long run. Basically, this is due to the observable differences within the unit cost variations (Schotter 2009, PP. 115). Important lessons can be drawn from the various outcomes of the calculations. As shown, the minimum cost in the short run is $384. On the other hand, it is notable that the long run cost is $400. The obvious variances in these costs depict important lessons. Generally, there is an inferior match between the expenditure and the income. List of References Arnold, A 2 010, Economics, South-Western Cengage Learning, Australia. Fakhrul Islam, M Jabbar, A 2010, Consumer preferences and demand for livestock products in urban Bangladesh, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya. Feldman, M Serrano, R 2006, Welfare economics and social choice theory, Springer, New York, NY. Gilbert, S 200, Microeconomic Theory, viewed on Mceachern, A 2009, Microeconomics: a contemporary introduction, Thomson/South-Western, Mason, OH. Mceachern, A 2012, Economics: a contemporary introduction, South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH. Schotter, A 2009, Microeconomics: a modern approach, South-Western Cengage Learning, Mason, OH. This essay on The protection of consumer welfare was written and submitted by user Harry Osborn to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.